Bone loss can occur for several reasons, such as tooth loss or facial injuries. If a patient is experiencing a loss of bone, they may be required to undergo a bone grafting procedure to replace or restore it. In addition to improving the overall facial structure of a patient who is experiencing bone loss, some dental implant patients may find that they need a bone grafting procedure before they are a suitable candidate for an implant.
Types of Bone Grafting Procedures
The type of bone grafting procedure varies from patient to patient, depending on the patient’s treatment goals and the amount of bone loss that has occurred. Keeping this in mind, your oral surgeon will determine the type of bone grafting procedure that will provide the best outcome.
Below are the most common types of bone grafting procedures performed at Central Washington Oral & Facial Surgery:
- Sinus lifts are a type of bone graft performed between the upper jaw and the sinus cavity located behind the cheekbone. Since the bone that separates the sinus from the teeth tends to be very thin, a sinus lift creates a more supportive foundation for a dental implant.
- Socket preservation is typically performed immediately after a tooth extraction to prevent rapid bone loss from taking place.
- Ridge expansion expands the height and/or width of the alveolar ridge. The alveolar bone ridge is responsible for holding the upper and lower rows of teeth in place.
- Major bone grafting procedures are used when a significant amount of bone in the jaw needs to be replaced or restored. Most patients who require major bone grafting have experienced facial trauma injury, periodontal disease, a facial tumor, or a birth defect.
- Nerve repositioning may be needed if a dental implant procedure is determined to potentially damage the alveolar nerve, which gives sensation to the chin and lower lip. This is a high-risk procedure and is usually considered a last resort.
Our oral and maxillofacial surgeons are experienced with all types of bone grafting procedures and are highly trained in determining the best bone grafting option that is right for you. If you are missing teeth, experiencing bone loss, curious about dental implant placement, or need an extraction, please contact our office. We look forward to meeting you at your consultation appointment and providing you with the highest quality of care.